Sigona & Kato
Migration infrastractures and the production of irregularity in Japan and the UK.
Miloš Debnár and Špela Drnovšek Zorko
Comparing the racialization of Central-East European migrants
Helena Hof and Simon Pemberton
EU migrant retention and the temporalities of migrant staying
Gracia Liu Farrer
Migrations and diversifications in the UK and Japan. Introduction to the Special Issue
Akira Igarashi and James Laurence
How does immigration affect anti-immigrant sentiment, and who is affected most?
Linda Morrice and Kunihiko Kabe
Economic self-reliance or social relations? What works in refugee integration?
Welcome from the Editor-in-Chief of Comparative Migration Studies
Kelly Hall and Mayumi Ono
International retirement migration and creative responses to health and care challenges
Japan and the UK are long-established countries of immigration. Although having different histories, their experiences as colonial powers have shaped their hostile attitudes towards migration alongside a need for migrant labour and negative public attitudes towards migrants. This paper sets the context to the Special Issue by examining the migration and diversification histories and scholarships of Japan and the UK. It identifies common themes and divergences and reviews the key features that shape processes underpinning the emergence of superdiversity: super-mobility, and the scale, speed and spread of diversification.Read the article
The article draws on qualitative data on the experiences of Central-East European (CEE) migrants in the UK and Japan to unpack how whiteness is constructed in relation to different histories and patterns of immigration. The article shows how CEE migrants benefit from being perceived as implicitly white and as Western ‘foreigners’ in Japan, yet their whiteness represents a form of enduring exclusion from ethno-nationalist Japanese society. In contrast, changing political contexts and internal European hierarchies of whiteness in the UK contribute to CEE migrants’ ambiguous position in an increasingly anti-migrant society.Read the article
In global cities such as London and Tokyo, there are neighbourhoods where ethnic, religious, cultural and other forms of diversity associated with migration are commonplace and others where migrants are regarded as unusual or even out-of-place. In both types of contexts, migrant-run eateries are spaces in which people of various backgrounds interact. This comparative paper is based on findings from two ethnographic neighbourhood studies in West Tokyo and East London.Read the article
Using Japanese and Britishlongitudinal data, this study firstly compares and contrasts howimmigrant-share in an environment affects anti-immigrant sentiment in Japan andGreat Britain. Secondly, it explores two potential drivers of heterogeneity inthe impact of immigration: the perceived financial situation, and views towardsgovernment’s role in supporting vulnerable populations. Finally, applyingfixed-effects panel data modelling shows that increasing immigration harms attitudestowards immigrants. Furthermore, these negative effects are stronger for thosewho perceive their financial situation as worse and those who lean further tothe left on the role of government.
The article shifts the focus from policies aimed at attracting and selecting foreign labourers to measures intended to retain them. Drawing on research with EU migrants in Japan and the UK, this contribution highlights how staying may occur after a period of mobility, rather than only being relevant to those who never left their home region. The paper develops a new conceptual framework, which helps identify different dimensions that shape migrant staying as a temporal process.
There is an urgent need to expand the scale and scope of refugee resettlement schemes, yet country approaches to resettlement vary markedly, and there is little cross-country learning from approaches and refugee experiences. In Japan, resettlement focuses on economic self-sufficiency through employment, whereas the UK provides social connections to facilitate integration through Community Sponsorship volunteers. This article explores the strengths and short-comings of each approach and examines how refugee resettlement programmes prioritising different integration domains might influence refugee experiences of integration more widely.
Most research on international retirement migration has focused on the Western context and the motivations and lifestyle choices of migrants when they are healthy. Instead, this paper explores how British retirees in Spain and Japanese retirees in Malaysia respond to declining health and increasing care needs through bricolage as they begin to ‘age in place’. We focus on two key types of bricolage behaviour: ‘within-system bricolage’ undertaken by migrants to help them access and navigate existing health and care systems, and ‘added-to-system bricolage’ that is enacted to fill gaps in health and care provision.
The article examines the migrationinfrastructures and pathways through which migrants move into, through and outof irregular status in Japan and the UK and how these infrastructures uniquelyshape their migrant experiences of irregularity at key stages of theirmigration projects.We develop a three-pronged analysis of theinfrastructures of irregularity, focusing on infrastructures of entry,settlement and exit, casting a comparative light on the mechanisms that produceprecarious and expendable migrant lives in relation to access to labour andlabour conditions, access and quality of housing and law enforcement, and howmigrants adapt, cope, resist or eventually are overpowered by them.
Japan and the UK appear to have few commonalities in terms of their history of and approach to migration law and policy. However, strong similarities in their contemporary approaches can be detected. This article draws out the similarities and differences of migration law and policy in Japan and the UK via their respective legislative structures and policy trajectories on highly skilled migration. The article argues that Japan and the UK promote a market-driven model which enables highly skilled migration to be ‘sold’ to publics believed to be hostile to increased migration. Yet, the rapid changes in policy and revising of applicable rules often prevent the successful recruitment of highly skilled migrants to both countries.